What is feminism?

Feminism is a political movement concerned with the transformation of the patriarchal domination structures that is the structures centred in the male social role (usually associated to man’s role as provider and as the head of the household). For that transformation feminism invites us to de-naturalize gender roles revealing how they are socially constructed.

For instance in our societies it is common to find stereotypes about what it means “to be a man and to be a women”. It is important to enhance that feminism is a plural movement and because so there are feminisms with different approaches and perspectives – class feminism, black feminism or liberal feminism for example. The feminist movement boosted major and necessary social changes, like women’s right to vote, women and girls education and reproductive rights.

Until today it addresses relevant subjects like the necessity to discuss inequality, pay gap, sexual assault, female genital mutilation, domestic violence and the need to have a work life balance, among other problems that still affect lots of women around the world.

Feminism isn’t the opposite to machismo!

Feminism defends gender equality. To feminism all the people should have the same rights without a biologically determined hierarchy that promotes oppressive relationships. Instead of domination it promotes equity.

Machismo, or male sexism, assumes that men are superior to women and it features attitudes and opinions contrary to gender equality. It’s based on patriarchal culture that bounds the male figure to a leadership role at the same it gives women a place of subordination.

Read more at: https://www.politize.com.br/o-que-e-machismo/

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What are gender stereotypes? Why do we need to fight them?

Stereotypes are a set of preconceived ideas about the way each gender should look, be and behave. Since an early age it is common to teach girls to be passive, subservient and to occupy spaces and care activities that aren’t public or powerful. Boys on the other hand are encouraged to develop characteristics associated to courage, boldness and power. Such stereotypes have a great influence on what job men and women do. Women, in care related jobs like nursing, childcare, elderly-care and cleaning; Man in areas such as engineering, informatics and politics.

“Gender stereotypes are generalized and socially valued representations about what men and women should be (gender traits) and should do (gender roles). Roles and traits are linked and they usually obey an hierarchy in which the so called “feminine” traits – women are more caring and fragile – are less valued socially that the “masculine” – men are strong and rational.”

The Commission for Equality in Labour and Employment (CITE) – Glossary the importance of speaking about the same.

Why is women empowerment important?

Empowering women and girl is to strengthen the society as a whole, by changing the collective sense to overcame prejudices. It’s to give them the opportunity to reach places before unimaginable, promoting their self-confidence, autonomy and freedom of though, at home and at work or in public debate spaces. It is to de-construct a derogatory thought that often makes women feel ashamed of themselves e, sometimes, do not believe to be worthy of success or prestige.

Source: ONU Women Brazil

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